How to Prepare Reasoning for the UP Junior Teacher 2021 Exam?

The Uttar Pradesh Board of Education has declared 1894 vacancies for the posts of assistant teachers and principal. The UP Junior Teacher 2021 exam is scheduled for 18th April 2021.

The syllabus of the exam consists of two sections- Section 1 contains questions related to general knowledge, current affairs, and reasoning and Section 2 contains the specific subject-related questions. This article mainly focuses on preparation tips for the reasoning section of the UP Junior Teacher 2021 exam.

UP Junior Teacher Syllabus and Exam Pattern

  • The first section of the UP Junior Teacher exam will consist of 50 marks and the second section will carry 100 marks.
  • The questions will be objective type.
  • No negative marking.
  • The examination will be a pen and paper-based.
  • The first section of the paper will consist of General Knowledge questions which will be compulsory for all.
  • The second section of the paper will consist of the particular subject questions i.e., Sanskrit, Hindi, or English for their respective language teachers, Social Science for Social Science teacher, and Maths or Science for Maths or Science teachers.
  • The time allocated for the exam will be 2 hours 30 minutes.

UP Junior Teacher Reasoning: Syllabus

The UP Junior Teacher reasoning syllabus consists of the following topics:

Syllogism Classification Assertion and reason
Blood Relations Clocks & Calendars Alphanumeric Series
Puzzle Tabulation Seating Arrangement Ranking/Direction/Alphabet Test, etc.
Input-Output Coding-Decoding Coded Inequalities
Data Sufficiency

UP Junior Teacher Reasoning Syllabus: Preparation Tips

  • For the preparation of the UP Junior Teacher reasoning syllabus, the candidates need to have access to study materials that cover most of the syllabus. Candidates can buy books like New Approach to Reasoning by B.S. Sijwali& I. Sijwali, ArihantorVerbal & Non- Verbal Reasoning by Dr. R. S. Aggarwal.
  • The candidates need to focus on learning short-cut methods for solving the various types of questions in the reasoning section. This helps them in solving the questions easily and quickly.
  • The preparation tips for some important topics of the reasoning syllabus of the UP Junior Teacher 2021 exam are discussed below:

SYLLOGISM

Syllogism is one of the most important topics of the reasoning section. If understood properly, these questions are very less time-taking and help in scoring well. One of the best ways to solve syllogism questions is with the help of Venn diagrams where the candidate has to make Venn diagrams according to the details given in the question. It becomes easy to identify the answers with the help of the Venn diagram.

UP Junior Teacher reasoning questions- Syllogism

Example 1

Statements:

I: All rats are cats.

II: All cats are bats.

Conclusions:

I: Some bats are rats.

II: Some rats are cats

Options:

(a) Only conclusion I follow.

(b) Only conclusion II follows.

(c) Both conclusions I & II follow.

(d) None of the conclusions follow.

Answer: (c)

Explanation:

Bats
Cats
Rats

Hence, both conclusions I & II follow.

ASSERTION AND REASON

In these types of questions, both the statements are to be evaluated separately if they are correct or incorrect, and then it is determined whether the statement given as the reason provides the correct explanation of the assertion statement or not.

UP Junior Teacher reasoning questions- Assertion and Reason

Example 1

Assertion (A):It is colder in the mountains than it is on the plains.

Reason (R):When altitude decreases, it leads to a fall in temperature.

Options:

A is true but R is false.

Both A and R are true and R follows, i.e., it is the correct explanation for A.

A is false but R is true.

Both A and R are true but R does not follow, i.e.it is NOT the correct explanation for A.

Answer: (b)

Explanation: Both statements (A) and (R) are correct and it is colder in the mountains than it is on plains because of the reason that temperature falls with altitude. Hence, (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

CODING DECODING

For this section, the candidates need to observe the pattern given in the question carefully and then use the identified pattern to solve the questions. Candidates can practice the coding-decoding questions given in the practice books to get an idea of the different types of patterns that exists.

UP Junior Teacher reasoning questions- Coding-Decoding

Example 1: If ‘CODING’ is written as ‘BNCHMF’, how will ‘DECODING’ be written as?

Options:

BCAMCGLE

EFDPEJOH

CDBNCHMF

ECDMEGOE

Answer: (c)

Explanation: When CODING is compared to BNCHMF, it can be seen that C is converted to B which is the letter before C in the alphabets.

Similarly, the letter before O is N, The letter before D is C, The letter before I is H, The letter before N is M, and the letter before G is F.

Using this pattern, DECODING will be written as CDBNCHMF. (D-C, E-D, C-B, O-N, D-C, I-H, N-M, G-F)

Given below are examples of UP Junior Teacher reasoning questions that would help the candidates in practising before the UP Junior Teacher 2021 exam:

  • Question 1:

Statements:
1: All cups are glasses.
2: Some cups are mugs.

Conclusions:
I: Some mugs are glasses.
II: All glasses are alarm.

Options:

(a) Only Conclusion I follows
(b) Only Conclusion II follows
(c) Either conclusion I or Conclusion II follows
(d) Neither conclusion I nor Conclusion II follows

  • Question 2:

In a certain code language if ‘LOUD’ is written in form of ‘JQSF’ then which of the following English word will be codified as ‘PKQG’?

Options:

  1. RISE
  2. ROPE
  3. ROAD
  4. RICE
  • Question 3:

Assertion (A): People prefer to wear black clothes in summer.
Reason (R): Black clothes are good absorbers of heat.

Options:

  1. Both A and R are true and R follows, i.e., it IS the correct explanation of A.
  2. Both A and R are true, however, R does not follow, i.e., it is NOT the correct explanation of A.
  3. A is true but R is false.
  4. A is false but R is true.
  • Question 4:

Assertion (A): Carbon monoxide when inhaled causes death.
Reason (R): Carbon monoxide combines with haemoglobin.

Options:

  1. Both A and R are true and R follows, i.e., it IS the correct explanation of A.
  2. Both A and R are true but R does not follow, i.e. it IS NOT the correct explanation of A.
  3. A is false but R is true.
  4. A is true but R is false.

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